Senate Democrats reach $3.5 trillion deal for Biden's 'human infrastructure' agenda, Medicare expansion

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Biden pushes health initiatives in budget proposal

President Joe Biden released a $1.5 trillion wish list for his first federal budget, asking for substantial gains for Democratic priorities. Biden says priorities include funding a health research agency and combatting the ongoing opioid crisis. (April 9)


  • Biden is set to meet with Senate Democrats at the Capitol Wednesday to discuss the agreement.
  • Sen. Sanders: “This is, in our view, a very pivotal moment in American history.”
  • There’s no guarantee Democratic leaders can unite all Senate Democrats in support of the package.

WASHINGTON – Senate Democrats reached an agreement Tuesday night on a $3.5 trillion budget plan that would expand Medicare, fund climate-change initiatives and fulfill other parts of President Joe Biden’s economic agenda that Democrats hope to pass on top of a bipartisan infrastructure bill.

After a lengthy meeting among Democrats on the Senate’s Budget Committee, Majority Leader Chuck Schumer, N.Y., announced the agreement for a budget reconciliation package that would fund what Biden has called “human infrastructure.” 

Schumer said that when including $600 billion in new spending Biden has proposed in a separate bipartisan infrastructure proposal, the amount of new spending comes in around $4.1 trillion – close to Biden’s full infrastructure and family agendas. 

“Every major program that President Biden has asked us for is funded in a robust way,” Schumer said. 

More: Biden walks back veto threat of infrastructure deal amid intense pushback from Republicans

‘Human infrastructure’

Proposals include expanded caregiving for the disabled and elderly, universal prekindergarten, subsidized child care, national paid family leave, extended child tax credits and an assortment of environmental initiatives. Schumer said Democrats also added a plan to expand Medicare – long a battle cry for progressives – including coverage for dental, vision and hearing. 

Biden is set to meet with Senate Democrats at the Capitol Wednesday to discuss the agreement.

Senate Budget Committee chairman Bernie Sanders, I-Vt., had originally sought a $6 trillion reconciliation package, but he joined Schumer and other Democrats in a show of support for the compromise.

“This is, in our view, a very pivotal moment in American history,” Sanders said. “The wealthy and large corporations are going to start paying their fair share of taxes, so that we can protect the working families of this country.”

More: ‘We have a deal’: Biden reaches $1.2 trillion infrastructure compromise with bipartisan group of senators

Democrats hope to pass the legislation through reconciliation, which they could pass with a simple majority in the evenly divided Senate and avoid a filibuster — meaning they would not need to win 10 Republicans to push the bill through the chamber.

“We know we have a long road to go,” Schumer said. “We’re going to get this done for the sake of making average Americans’ lives a whole lot better.” 

Yet there’s no guarantee Biden and Democratic leaders can unite all Senate Democrats in support of the package. Moderate Democrats including Sen. Joe Manchin, D-W. Va., a key swing vote, have stayed noncommittal about backing another trillion-dollar package.

More: What is ‘reconciliation,’ and why is it holding up the infrastructure package?

Biden has proposed increasing taxes on corporations and doubling the capital gains tax to fund the “human infrastructure” and climate components. The president has said he won’t raise taxes on any families earning less than $400,000 a year.

Sen. Mark Warner, D-Va., a key negotiator for the legislation, told reporters Tuesday night that the package would be fully financed with offsetting revenue, but he provided no details. 

This had been an issue for other centrist Democrats, including Manchin, who told reporters earlier Tuesday: “Everything should be paid for. How much debt can y’all handle?” 

Previous bipartisan deal

In June, Biden and a group of 21 Republican and Democratic senators agreed to a $1.2 trillion bipartisan infrastructure deal aimed at modernizing America’s aging transportation and public works systems. 

More: Report: Bipartisan infrastructure deal would give a bigger boost to economy than Biden plan

The roughly $1.2 trillion plan calls for $579 billion in new spending and focuses only on physical infrastructure structure such as roads, bridges, rail, broadband internet, water and sewer pipes and electric vehicles.

Biden has said he’s pursuing a “dual track strategy” that involves seeking congressional approval of the infrastructure bill with Republicans and the “human infrastructure” with only Democrats. But after initially saying he would only sign the bipartisan deal into law if Congress passes the reconciliation package, he walked back that threat amid blowback from Republicans.

Schumer and House Speaker Nancy Pelosi have said they hope to pass the bipartisan deal before the August recess.

This story is breaking and will be updated. 

Contributing: The Associated Press, Ledge King